Politics

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For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation).
Set of activities associated with the governance of a country or territory

Part of a series on
Politics
Primary topics
  • Index of politics articles
  • Outline of political science
  • Politics by country
  • Politics by subdivision
  • Political economy
  • Political history
  • Political history of the world
  • Political philosophy
Political systems
  • Anarchy
  • City-state
  • Democracy
  • Dictatorship
  • Directory
  • Federacy
  • Feudalism
  • Meritocracy
  • Monarchy
  • Parliamentary
  • Presidential
  • Republic
  • Semi-parliamentary
  • Semi-presidential
  • Theocracy
Academic disciplines
  • Political science
    (political scientists)
  • International relations
    (theory)
  • Comparative politics
Public administration
  • Bureaucracy (street-level)
  • Adhocracy
Policy
  • Public policy (doctrine)
  • Domestic and foreign policy
Civil society
  • Public interest
Organs of government
  • Separation of powers
  • Legislature
  • Executive
  • Judiciary
  • Election commission
Related topics
  • Sovereignty
  • Theories of political behavior
  • Political psychology
  • Biology and political orientation
  • Political organisations
  • Foreign electoral intervention
Subseries
  • Electoral systems
  • Elections (voting)
  • Federalism
  • Form of government
  • Ideology
  • Political campaigning
  • Political parties
Politics Portal
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Politics (from Greek: Πολιτικά, politiká, 'affairs of the cities') is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations between individuals, such as the distribution of resources or status. The academic study of politics is referred to as political science.

It may be used positively in the context of a "political solution" which is compromising and non-violent,[1] or descriptively as "the art or science of government", but also often carries a negative connotation.[2] For example, abolitionist Wendell Phillips declared that "we do not play politics; anti-slavery is no half-jest with us."[3] The concept has been defined in various ways, and different approaches have fundamentally differing views on whether it should be used extensively or limitedly, empirically or normatively, and on whether conflict or co-operation is more essential to it.

A variety of methods are deployed in politics, which include promoting one's own political views among people, negotiation with other political subjects, making laws, and exercising force, including warfare against adversaries.[4][5][6][7][8] Politics is exercised on a wide range of social levels, from clans and tribes of traditional societies, through modern local governments, companies and institutions up to sovereign states, to the international level. In modern nation states, people often form political parties to represent their ideas. Members of a party often agree to take the same position on many issues and agree to support the same changes to law and the same leaders. An election is usually a competition between different parties.

A political system is a framework which defines acceptable political methods within a society. The history of political thought can be traced back to early antiquity, with seminal works such as Plato's Republic, Aristotle's Politics, Chanakya's Arthashastra and Chanakya Niti (3rd century BCE), as well as the works of Confucius.[9]